​​​​​Definitions of Disciplines and Parks:
Freestyle:  skateboarding on flat ground requires a flat pad usually concrete or smooth asphalt



Snake runs:  a favorite with all skaters, concrete or wood, all transition curved, smooth surface



Pump Tracks: pump tracks can be portable, asphalt or concrete






Bowls: a bowl is a closed bowl that can be square, round, egg shaped or a combination. i.e. a clover bowl (3 bowls) Vans Combi (sq. and round). Because of the problems getting injured riders out of a bowl we made it a standard in 2002 to add a “waterfall”. A waterfall is a shallower part of the bowl that drops into the deep end. An injured person can be taken out via stretcher without the need for scaffolding to be rigged. Bowls are very popular with all ages and especially the younger and older riders.








Vert:open on both ends, wood or steel frame with at least 1 foot of “vert” before coping. Usually 10 to 13 feet in height.  Skated by all ages with kids as young as 5 and adults into late 50’s

Mini Ramp: a smaller version of a vert ramp with no “vert” or vertical. Usually 4 to 8 feet in height. Width can vary.


Street Plaza: features that are found in street skating.  No transition. Includes; ledges, rails, stairs & gaps.

*Chosen discipline for the 2020 Olympics





Park: contains transition usually a spine.

*Chosen discipline for the 2020 Olympics









Skateparks: an ideal skatepark will have a street plaza area, a snake run or flow park and at least 1 bowl.

Venice Beach CA 18,000 sq. ft. photo Matt Fisher



San Jose 64,000 sq. ft.



Hod HaSharon Israel



Shanghai China

Arvada   Co.

 Carlsbad Ca

Mega Ramp: huge ramps built for exhibition




Ramp Parks: most cities are building concrete parks but because of budget and space many start out with a ramp park. These parks need a smooth surface to sit on and they can be moved but are not considered portable parks. 


Portable Parks:  Ideal  for after school programs , churches and schools.




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